Kontakt     Hauptseite     zurück
previous chapterprevious     nextnext chapter
D     ESP

"Moon plays": The moon was the Earth - Lies and Truth in the Atmosphere

16. The fire of Apollo 1 - 3 murdered astronauts in a "bucket full of screws"

The murders by NASA in the case of the 3 Apollo 1 astronauts Grissom, White and Chaffee - the suspicion of a threefold murder in the case of the Thomas Ronald Baron family - and suspicion of murder in the case of the widow of astronaut White


Astronaut Grissom named the faulty
                              technique of Apollo 1 as a
                              "Lemon",
  Apollo 1: The burnt command
                            capsule
Astronaut Grissom named the faulty technique of Apollo 1 as a "Lemon",
the nickname for slow cars like Citroën 2CV...


by Michael Palomino (2006 / 2010)

Share:

Facebook







from:
-- Gerhard Wisnewski: Lügen im Weltraum [Lies In Space]; Knaur 2005
-- Internet sources


Motto
'Tragedy' is in the "USA" the term for murder of the secret service, whereas CIA is hiding his delinquent. Michael Palomino 2006

Literature

Essential seems to be the book from Eric Bergaust: Murder on Platform 34.

Chronology



Virgil
                          Grissom, portrait
Virgil Grissom, portrait
since 1961
Astronaut Virgil Grissom becomes a sharp critic of NASA
After almost having drown after the splashdown of the Mercury landing capsule "Liberty Bell 7" Grissom becomes more and more critical against his employer NASA and does not make many friends by this behaviour. According to Wisnewski he becomes the member of the astronaut crew which is hated most (Wisnewski, p.95).

At the same time there are several accidents with a pure oxygen atmosphere for reason:

9 Sep 1962
San Antonio: Fire accident with pure oxygen atmosphere in a space cabin simulator

Position of San
                      Antonio in Texas, map
Position of San Antonio in Texas, map
  
Two astronauts on the Brooks Air Force Base at San Antonio in Texas should live in a pure oxygen atmosphere for 14 days at 5psia (psia=Pascal unit of the "international system"). There should be tested the effect of a long flight in a pure oxygen atmosphere. On the 13th day fire breaks out whereas one of the astronauts is heavily injured.

(In: www.astronautix.com/chrono/19623.htm)

Both passengers are collapsing by smoke poisoning.

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, S.343ff.; Wisnewski, p.100)


17 Nov 1962
Philadelphia: Fire accident in an oxygen laboratory of the "U.S." Navy because of an oxygen atmosphere

Map with
                        Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) between N.Y. and
                        Washington
Map with Philadelphia  (Pennsylvania) between N.Y. and Washington
  
In an oxygen laboratory of the "US" navy (in the Air Crew Equipment Laboratory (ACEL) at Philadelphia (in Pennsylvania) fire is breaking out during exchanging a bulb because the atmosphere has got much too much oxygen [and during the exchange of the bulb a spark provokes the fire]. The clothes of the four inmates of the oxygen laboratory catch fire. Despite of the flight within 40 seconds all are hurt.

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, S.343ff.; Wisnewski, p.100)

since 1965 approx.
Astronaut Grissom about the Apollo space ship: "A bucket full of screws"
According to Wisnewski Virgil ("Guz") Grissom means that the Apollo space ship is only "a heap of scrap", and he says it in public. According to the plan of the NASA astronaut Grissom shall be the commander of the "maiden flight" on 21 February 1967. Later he is foreseen as the "first man on the moon" (Wisnewski, p.95).





   
Grissom's education: Inspection of a
                      periscope.
Grissom's education: Inspection of a periscope.
x

But this honour makes no impression to Grissom because he means that the Apollo atmosphere ship ("space ship") would be worse than Gemini was.

(In: ABC News, 21 Nov 1996; Wisnewski, p.96).

Grissom says in an interview even in public that Apollo would be not more than "a bucket full of screws."

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, p.40; Wisnewski, S.97)

According to Wisnewski Grissom is annoying with his critics about Apollo. At every boarding he inspects the atmosphere ship ("space ship"), any cm2 of the capsule, and he finds always "something" (Wisnewski, p.97). According to Erik Bergaust he is "a lonely warner in the desert" since years.

(In: Bergaust, Erik: Book: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.30; Wisnewski, p.98).

1966
Another warner: Thomas Ronald Baron from North American Aviation (NAA)
Astronaut Grissom is not the lonely warner. There is another one, Thomas Ronald Baron, safety inspector of "North American Aviation".
(www.davesweb.cnchost.comapollo.htm (2006)

Baron also reports constantly from flashy carelessness at the NASA (Wisnewski, p.101), resp. Baron claims in 1966 the "stunning nuisances" at the launch pad again and again:

-- during fueling the rocket protection suits are missing so only a part of the crew can work (Wisnewski, p.101), the other crew members are sleeping or playing cards (Wisnewski, p.101-102)
-- workers are smoking near the fuel pipes
-- workers are organizing spontaneously parties with rubbing alcohol.

(In: Bergaust: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.40; Wisnewski, p.102)

28 April 1966
Torrance: Outbreak of a fire with a pure oxygen atmosphere during an Apollo test of the life keeping systems

Map with Torrance
                      (California)
Map with Torrance (California)
 
During a test run at Torrence (California) at the Apollo life keeping systems which are working with pure oxygen fire is breaking out.

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, p.343ff.; Wisnewski, p.101)

[So, NASA is absolutely warned that a pure oxygen atmosphere can provoke a fire easily].


since mid 1966?
Threats of murder against astronaut Grissom?
Since 1966 approx. astronaut Virgil "Guz" Grissom allegedly gets threats of murder. According to members of his family the threats of murder come from circles of the NASA itself, from persons who are responsible for the "space program". This goes that far that Grissom is put under surveillance some time [for his protection] and he is accommodated in special safe lodgings.

(In: American Patriot Friends Network: Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake? www.apfn.org/apfn/moon.htm; (In August 2006 the threats of murder cannot be found any more on the website); Wisnewski, p.98).

[Question: Why Grissom is not leaving the Apollo project?
There is the big question why astronaut Grissom did not leave the Apollo project when he precisely sees that the Apollo atmosphere ship unsuitable. Is more behind? Or Grissom meas that he could change the corrupt NASA structures? Or when he had refused to work he had got a prison sentence by NASA because the astronauts were under military order? Or were there threats of murder when he would quit? Or Grissom wanted to be a "hero" despite of all? All speculations are possible...]

December 1966
Apollo does not function - nightmare Apollo
At the end of 1966 there are listed over 20,000 failures at Apollo 1.

(In: Washington Times, 23 May 1990; Wisnewski, p.97)

[And when it was written in Washington Times, so it was generally known].

Experts consider Apollo as a "technical nightmare". According to Grissom the best engineers and the best "scientists" of the "USA" have invented a scrap heap with almost no budget limits (Wisnewski, p.96,97).

Every later Apollo mission of Apollo 2 to Apollo 10 has listed about 20,000 failures.

(In: Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake?;  www.apfn.org/apfn/moon.htm (2006)

[So the failure rate is not changing until Apollo 10, and since Apollo 11 all would have functioned smoothly...]

End of 1966 approx.
Baron's critical report (55 pages) about sloppiness at the Apollo launch complex no. 34

Baron's report with 55 pages about sloppiness at launch complex 34
-- claims for an inspection by the highest ranks of the Apollo constructor "North American Aviation"
-- claims the information of the public and of the government about this sloppiness (Wisnewski, p.102).

NASA rejects all reports from Baron. Baron begins to compile a report of 500 pages.

(In: Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)

According to www.clavius.org the report blames above all the construction company of the command capsule North American Aviation and not the NASA.
(http://www.clavius.org/baron.html)

1 Jan 1967
Fire in an oxygen chamber with two deaths
At a fire in an oxygen chamber on Brooks Air Force Base at San Antonio two men are dying.

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, p.343 ff.; Wisnewski, p.101)

[Now NASA should be absolutely warned to reject all experiments with pure oxygen atmospheres, because the fires cause deads. San Antonio is not far from Houston...].


5 Jan 1967
Safety commissioner Thomas Ronald Baron is dismissed from "North American Aviation"
because Baron had given  details of the lacks on launch complex 34 to journalists. NASA rejects all blames of Baron in public.

(In: Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html (2006)

Apollo-1,
                      foto no.: 67PC-0016: The astronauts Virgil
                      Grissom, Edward White and Roger Bruce Chaffee in
                      front of a starter's tower, 17.1.1967 These astronauts are foreseen to fly Apollo 1

Apollo-1, foto no.: 67PC-0016: The astronauts Virgil Grissom, Edward White and Roger Bruce Chaffee in front of a starter's tower, 17 Jan 1967


22 Jan 1967
Grissom packs in a lemon - the presentiment of a big accident





  
Grissom names Apollo 1 a "Lemon",
                        this is the nickname for slow cars as e.g.
                        Citroën 2CV, maximum speed 100 km/h.
Grissom names Apollo 1 a "Lemon", this is the nickname for slow cars as e.g. Citroën 2CV, maximum speed 100 km/h.

x

At the last departure from home before his dead Grissom packs in a lemon from his lemon tree in his garden. He says he will attach the lemon at the Apollo capsule as a sign of failure.

(In: American Patriot Friends Network: Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake? www.apfn.org/apfn/moon.htm; Wisnewski, p.96)

In "USA" disabled cars [slow cars or cars which are ripe for the scrap heap] are named traditionally a "lemon".

(In: American Patriot Friends Network: Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake? www.apfn.org/apfn/moon.htm)

Grissom sees his wife the last time. It seems he has a presentiment that he will not come back, because he says:

"If there is ever a serious accident in the space Program, it's likely to be me."

(In: American Patriot Friends Network: Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake? www.apfn.org/apfn/moon.htm; Wisnewski, p.96)

[Question: Why Grissom is not leaving the astronaut program?
This question is not cleared until today and is never put by the media].

25  Jan 1967 approx. / shortly before 27 Jan 1967
No unmanned test of Apollo 1!
The Apollo capsule is never tested in an unmanned test. The unmanned test is canceled "for reasons of time".

(In: Bergaust, Erik: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.15; Wisnewski, p.101)

[Question: Why the astronauts are take part yet in this dangerous project?
Why commandant Grissom cannot insist in an unmanned test? Why he does not quit? Why have not rejected all three astronauts to board this "bucket full of screws"? Why the NASA authorities are admitting a manned test before an unmanned test has been performed?]

27 Jan 1967 / three weeks before the planned maiden flight
Launch complex 34: The "ground test" in the Apollo atmosphere ship with three astronauts

Map of Cape Canaveral with inscription of
                          launch complex no. 34.
vergrössernMap of Cape Canaveral with inscription of launch complex no. 34.

Three weeks before the planned maiden flight the functional capability of the Apollo atmosphere ship "Apollo 1" shall be tested with an own current supply. The problems begin even before the test: The three astronauts Grissom, White and Chaffee can board the capsule not on 11 a.m. but only on 1 p.m. "because of technical problems" (Wisnewski, p.97).

During the test all connections shall be disconnected from the soil devices to test the function of the devices of the atmosphere ship ("plug out test"). The electric devices and the radio communication have to function by their own energy, and all the rest of the cables is planned to be plugged out.

(In: Courtney / Grimwood / Swenson: Chariots for Apollo: Chapter: Tragedy and Recovery;
http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/ History/SP-4205/ch9-1.html  (2006)


The dangerous circumstances of the "ground test"

But for this ground test not only cables are plugged out, but there is a combination of most dangerous circumstances:

1. since the closure of the hatch the astronauts in the capsule of Apollo 1 are put into a pure oxygen atmosphere which can catch fire easily (Wisnewski, p.98), because normal air has only 21 % oxygen (Wisnewski, p.98-99), already 22 % oxygen can rise the possibility of a forest fire by an lightning strike by 70 %, and with more than 25 % oxygen a big destruction of the vegetation is possible (Wisnewski, p.99)

2. the door of the capsule ("hatch") can be opened only very slowly, and under normal conditions it lasts 90 seconds already

3. the switching relay and the electric circuits produce many sparks (Wisnewski, p.98)

[It seems that Apollo 1 has got a control panel like an old trolley bus].

4. the atmospheric pressure in the capsule is deliberately raised (Wisnewski, p.99)

[to simulate the conditions of "space"]

5. according to Wisnewski there is - without any reason - much combustible material in the capsule:
-- two plastic mats
-- a vast quantity of chained binding made of nylon, instead of the allowed 0.32m2 there are 3.2 m2

(In: http://www.geocities.com/rocketman2020/A1cause.html; (in 2006 not actual any more); Wisnewski, p.99)

[The affair with the chained binding and with the plastic mats seems not to be sure].

As a consequence there is - also when the plastic things are not sure - an absolutely dangerous combination of circumstances
-- with a fire catching oxygen atmosphere and
-- the block of a possibility to flee by the hatch which is hardly functioning, and
-- during an over-pressure the hatch cannot be opened at all (Wisnewski, p.99).

When a fire would break out the pressure in the capsule will be even higher by the compensating system. The hatch cannot be opened at all (Wisnewski, p.99)

and the chaining band Velcro will burn even better under atmospheric pressure.
(http://science.slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=05/07/25/007234 (2006)

The dangerous oxygen atmosphere: NASA knows the danger from accidents before
(Wisnewski, p.100)

All in all NASA had already four accidents with a pure oxygen atmosphere, and some of them in the neighbour town San Antonio. The accidents were:

-- on 9 Sep 1962 on Brooks Air Force Base at San Antonio (Texas) in a space chamber simulator with two hurt persons, one heavily heart (www.astronautix.com/chrono/19623.htm; Wisnewski, p.100)

-- on 17 Nov 1962 the outbreak of a fire in an oxygen laboratory because of an exchange of a bulb in the "US" Navy Air Crew Equipment Laboratory (ACEL) at Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) with four hurt people

-- on 28 April 1966 a fire of the life keeping systems of Apollo at Torrance (California)

-- on 1 Jan 1967 a fire in an oxygen chamber on Brooks Air Force Base at San Antonio with two deaths (Wisnewski, p.101).

[By this the fire in Apollo 1 is absolutely foreseeable].

Suspicion of a murder attack with a short-circuit by a little peace of metal

According to the investigation of Scott Grissom (the son of astronaut Grissom) there is installed a little metal peace under the main switch (Wisnewski, p.104) to switch from the ground current source to the batteries on board (Wisnewski, p.109). By switching the main switch there was a great short-circuit (Wisnewski, p.104).

[But this little peace of metal is not important. The switch board of Apollo 1 has many sparks also without the metal peace. That's why the version of a murder attack of the NASA against Grissom is not at all necessary to cause the fire].

The "ground test"

[Despite of all known dangers the three astronauts are sent to the test altogether what seems to be really unreasonable].

-- at 1 p.m. just after boarding the astronauts can smell an acid smell in the air of the capsule so the countdown of the ground test has been stopped

-- all installations are put back for a new beginning, the sealed hatch is opened and air samples are taken [officially] without tangible results.

After one more hour the countdown restarts again. And there is the acid smell in the capsule again. So all is put back for a new beginning again, the door is opened and air samples are taken, and again [allegedly] without result.

(In: Erik Bergaust: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.16; Wisnewski, p.97).

[The wrong order of the air examination:
The air samples should been taken before the opening of the hatch].

Third countdown: The radio communication is not functioning
During the third trial for a "countdown" the radio communication between capsule and command center is always disturbed .

(In: Erik Bergaust: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.16; Wisnewski, p.97).

Now commander Grissom is "acid" that not even the radio communication on Earth is functioning,

[because the "astronauts" risk a "flight" on which they have to do all alone and a crash would be probable].

(In: Indiana Historical Society: Indiana's Popular History: Virgil "Gus" Grissom 2004;
http://www.indianahistory.org/pop_hist/people/grissom.html; Wisnewski, p.97)

[The not functioning radio communication on the launch complex is an evidence among others, that the radio communication over a distance of 380,000 km to the moon is not at all possible. But this has not been neutrally controlled until now...]

Fourth countdown:
Smoke - short-circuit - breakout of fire in the capsule of Apollo 1

After another boarding of the capsule the atmosphere in the capsule is filled with pure oxygen and is put on over pressure.

(In: Courtney / Grimwood / Swenson: Chariots for Apollo: Chapter: Tragedy and Recovery;
http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4205/ch9-2.html (2006)

Then the astronauts report smoke in the capsule. But now the ground test is not stopped (Wisnewski, p.102).

The monitors in the control center show a warming of the batteries on board, and this is an indication of a short-circuit.

(In: Time, 10 Feb 1967; Wisnewski, p.107)

[Also when the control center realizes the warmed batteries the ground test is not stopped. Since this point of time the homicide is completed].

10 to 12 minutes after the first report of smoke fire is suddenly breaking out in the capsule (Wisnewski, p.98).

[10 to 12 minutes smoke are not enough for the CIA-NASA to stop this dangerous test].

The chained binding is burns well and is giving highly poisoned gases (Wisnewski, p.99).

According to a staff member of "North American Aviation", Mervin Holmburg, the astronauts try now to open the hatch from the inner side for 5 minutes, but in vain.

(Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html; Wisnewski, p.102).


The events at the end of the fire: Official version

According to the official version of the NASA the doctors came after 15 minutes after the outbreak of the fire and had difficulties to get the astronauts out of the capsule. The suits are said to have been glued with melted nylon.

(In: Courtney / Grimwood / Swenson: Chariots for Apollo: Chapter: Tragedy and Recovery;
http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4205/ch9-2.html (2006) ; Wisnewski, p.99).





   
Robert Gilruth, portrait, a CIA banker's face
                      who wants to lead astronauts.
Robert Gilruth, portrait, a CIA banker's face who wants to lead astronauts.

x

The version of the truth

Gilruth's resolution of a gagging order: No information comes out

Shortly after the opening of the hatch, 5 minutes after the outbreak of the fire, the head of the Manned Spaceflight Center, Robert Gilruth takes the resolution for a gagging order over Cape Canaveral and the control center. By this no information can pass from the Cape outside and any contact to outside is broken (Wisnewski, p.103-104).

According to rumours there had died only one astronaut first (Wisnewski, p.104).


No rescue for the yet living astronauts - pulmonary edema

The astronauts are kept in the burnt space capsule for hours (Wisnewski, p.103).

[Since this point of time it's murder actually].





    
X-ray photo with a pulmonary edema.
X-ray photo with a pulmonary edema.

x

The astronauts in the burnt space capsule develop a pulmonary edema (fluid retention in the lung) and they don't get first aid: The unconscious astronauts are inhalating toxic smoke on and on. The pulmonary alveoli become cavernous and permeable by the acid gases. By this he broken pulmonary alveoli cannot absorb the inhaled air any more and the astronauts are slowly suffocating. Wisnewski: "The human drowns in his own body fluid."

(orig.: "Der Mensch ertrinkt an seiner eigenen Körperflüssigkeit").

This is a pulmonary edema (Wisnewski, p.103).

The minimum time to develop a pulmonary edema are 15 to 20 minutes. The formation of a pulmonary edema by inhalation of war gas which are similar to the gases by burnt plastics lasts several hours. By this it can be concluded that the astronauts were alive yet for several hours after opening the capsule, but at least 10 or 15 minutes, and first aid had been possible and could have been successful to save the lives of the astronauts (Wisnewski, p.103).

According to Scott Grissom (son of astronaut Grissom) the people aboard were not doing anything because they did not want to change something on the site of crime.

(Scott Grissom Jun.; In: A newsgroup, 3 Aug 2001; Wisnewski, p.103)

By this the astronauts stay for hours in the burnt capsule and fight for hours against the death until they all are dead (Wisnewski, p.103). The doctors coming shortly after the fire are said that the astronauts were dead, and by this the doctors are leaving the site.

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, p.36; Wisnewski, p.104)

The doctors are not allowed to determine the death of the astronauts, and first aid is not permitted either. Two hours after the opening of the hatch NASA is announcing the dead of all three astronauts (Wisnewski, p.104).

[And with this all direct witnesses of the accident are murdered].

No neutral securing of evidence

A securing of evidence by the police or by the FBI is not performed (Wisnewski, p.100).

Rescue only after 6 hours after the fire
Only 6 hours after the fire the rescue of the astronauts begins. The last astronaut is rescued 7 1/2 hours after the fire.

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, S.14-15; Wisnewski, p.104)

The burnt command capsule of Apollo 1
Apollo 1: The burnt command capsule,
                        exterior view
vergrössernApollo 1: The burnt command capsule, exterior view



Apollo 1: The burnt command capsule,
                        interior view.
vergrössernApollo 1: The burnt command capsule, interior view.


February 1967
Arlington: Burial of the astronauts Grissom, White and Chaffee
Grissom [and with him White and Chaffee also?] are buried at the military cemetery at Arlington. The astronauts John Glenn and Alan Shepard shoot the last salute. The coffin of Grissom is accompanied by NASA flight director Christopher Kraft and the director for manned space flight, Robert Gilruth (former expert for unmanned flight objects). The magazine "Life" celebrates "The Nation's Goodbye" (Wisnewski, p.96).



Map with the position of Arlington in the
                      Federal State of Virginia.
Map with the position of Arlington in the Federal State of Virginia.
Grave stone of Virgil Grissom on the military
                      cemetery of Arlington.
Grave stone of Virgil Grissom on the military cemetery of Arlington.
Grave stone of Roger Bruce Chaffee on the
                      military cemetery of Arlington.
Grave stone of Roger Bruce Chaffee on the military cemetery of Arlington.


Now someone other than Grissom will perform the "maiden flight" of Apollo, and there will be another astronaut "the first man on the moon" (Wisnewski, p.96). The planned "maiden flight" for 21 February 1967 is canceled (Wisnewski, p.107) and is postponed on 11 October 1968. After several alleged unmanned flights the "maiden flight" is allegedly Apollo 7 (Wisnewski, p.109). But according to the landing data of the aberrations of the planned landing point all Apollo flights are  a fake. The "US" propaganda is organizing a huge Apollo show. Apollo never did any "space flight", and never has performed any Earth orbit, but has started with an empty rocket every time, and the capsule came down by airdrop from a freight aircraft: always.

(In: Kaysing, Bill: We Never Went to the Moon:  America's Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle; Pomeroy 2002; Wisnewski, p.237-239)

[The "USA" has not the sure technique for manned flights and remains in their fantasies of rocket Nazi Wernher von Braun].


The company-owned "fact-finding commission" of the military NASA

The military NASA forms itself a "fact-finding commission" (Wisnewski, p.100). According to Wisnewski NASA is acting like the Vatican which also likes to investigate fatalities under own leadership. The same was with the Challenger catastrophe in 1986 and after the Columbia crash in 2003 (Wisnewski, p.100). The newspaper "Washington Evening Star" compares the NASA investigation of Apollo 1 drastically with the Kennedy murder:

<To allow the performance of the Apollo 1 investigation to the NASA is about the same as if the board of trade of Dallas ha investigated the murder of John F. Kennedy.>

(In: Bergaust: Murder on Platform 34; N.Y. 1968, p.132; Wisnewski, p.100)

At the "investigation" high ranked NASA members are working together with military people and with staff of the Apollo constructor "North American Aviation".

[By this all mutual assignments of guilt are excluded, an the probably corrupt bosses stay for themselves...].

(In: Courtney / Grimwood / Swenson: Chariots for Apollo: Chapter: Tragedy and Recovery;
http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4205/ch9-3.html (2006) ; Wisnewski, p.100).

   

Head of the Apollo 1 fact-finding
                          commission of the NASA, Frank Bormann, foto
                          no. S64-31456. These eyes look like an SS boss
                          of Hitler's regime.

vergrössernHead of the Apollo 1 fact-finding commission of the NASA, Frank Bormann, foto no. S64-31456. These eyes look like an SS boss of Hitler's regime.

Head of the "fact-finding commission" is Frank Borman, since 1957 assistant professor for thermodynamics. Borman claims that the inherent danger [despite of the four accidents with pure oxygen atmospheres before Apollo 1] had not been realized (Wisnewski, p.100).

NASA vice head Robert Seaman, engineer and aviation expert also pretends to be very surprised:

"This was a real shock. Nobody could imagine that something like this could happen."
(In: ABC News, 21.11.1996; Wisnewski, p.100)

But NASA demonstrably knew about the danger of pure oxygen atmospheres because there had been four accidents with a pure oxygen atmosphere before. In this respect the criminal act of NASA is heavier and is not only an "accident" (Wisnewski, p.100).

Unnatural death of 15 % of the NASA astronauts until 1969

Up to the "moon landings" 15 % of the astronauts (10 astronauts) are dying by an unnatural death. There is the heavy suspicion that some of them are arranged deaths to make certain people quiet.

(In: http://members.internettrash.com/medwiss2/ufomondlandungbetrug2.html)

[This probably is also the reason why Grissom does not quit: When he would quit he would be in danger of death by NASA. So he stands under a murder extortion, and it can be admitted that Grissom knew about the murder cases. So NASA stands under murder suspicion of murder, and there never was one single neutral investigation...]

Washington Post, logo
12 March 1967
Washington Post reports: 20,000 failures before the Apollo 1 fire
(Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)

[Why was this wreck tested in a manned test and not in an unmanned test first?]

End of March 1967 approx.
The autopsy report: The astronauts of Apollo 1 were alive for a long time yet

All bodies are determined having a pulmonary edema (fluid retention in the lung).

(In: Kennan / Harvey: Mission to the Moon; N.Y. 1969, p.325-326; Wisnewski, p.103)

A pulmonary edema is happening by inhalating toxic gases, and this lasts minimum 15 to 20 minutes, normally several hours. It had been well possible to save the astronauts (Wisnewski, p.103).

5 April 1967
The internal "examination report" of the military NASA

The final report of the "fact-finding commission" has 3,000 pages and gives the impression as if all had been investigated (Wisnewski, p.107).

NASA claims:

-- the astronauts had been unconscious after some few seconds and had been dead after four minutes

-- after five minutes the capsule had been opened and the astronauts had been already dead

-- there had been no doctor near the site but only 10 minutes later had come the first doctor (Wisnewski, p.102).

[The NASA report conceals that the doctors had been sent away immediately].

By this report the astronauts are declared dead after 5 minutes and all responsibility is rejected what happened five minutes after the fire (Wisnewski, p.102).

[With this report the military NASA is covering-up a clear, threefold murder, and: With this report NASA becomes a criminal organization...]

At the same time there are preparations for a hearing before a congressional committee:

20 April 1967 appr.
Statement in advance by safety commissioner Baron before the congress hearing is performing

Baron indicates to the press in advance that according to indications of staff member of "North American Aviation" Mervin Holburg the astronauts had tried to open the hatch for 5 minutes. The astronauts had never been unconscious during this time.

(Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html; Wisnewski, p.102)

And at once "North American Aviation" lets deny the statement of the staff member by the staff member Holburg himself (Wisnewski, S.102).

Holmburg claims now he would not know anything about the Apollo 1 fire.
(Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)

[Why did Holmburg not open the hatch when he watched that there was a fire?]

21 April 1967
The hearing before the congressional committee concerning the Apollo 1 fire

The hearing of the subcommittee with chairman Olin Teague

This hearing is performed at Cape Canaveral. Olin Teague conducts the hearing concerning the Apollo 1 fire.

(Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)





  
The NASA administration before the hearing
                        of the Senate, foto no. 67-H-776.
The NASA administration before the hearing of the Senate, foto no. 67-H-776.

x

Olin Teague is a Republican from Texas (D-TX).
(http://www.clavius.org/baron.html)

Olin Teague, profile
Olin Teague, profile

Safety commissioner Thomas Ronald Baron has prepared his critical report. Now it's a volume of 500 pages (Wisnewski, p.102), other sources say 1,500 pages.
(www.davesweb.cnchost.comapollo.htm (2006)

He presents his report with the aim that the Apollo program will be stopped.
(Esoturio.de: www.esoturio.de/wahrheit/mondflug_mondbetrug.php)

Statements of safety commissioner Thomas Baron u.a.:

-- 10 to 12 minutes before the outbreak of the fire the astronauts already had reported smoke in the capsule, but the ground test was not stopped (Wisnewski, p.102)

-- Holburg has all knowledge about the Apollo 1 fire by anonymous telephone calls with NASA staff members, but now he has not the courage to say what he knows.
(In: Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)

Further statements of the hearing confirm about 50 % of the reproaches of Baron against NASA [and NAA].

(In: Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)

All in all the suspicion is more and more probable that many things of the NASA report are not right. Above all the astronauts seem to be not have been unconscious at once, and not dead either, but NASA has to take the responsibility for threefold negligent homicide at least (Wisnewski, p.102).

[And considering the generally known inherent danger it was threefold murder].

28 April 1967 appr. / one week after the hearing
Death of Thomas Ronald Baron  - officially by an accident at a railroad crossing

The official reports in the media say, Baron, his wife and his daughter were killed at a railroad crossing in their car.

(Baron Report 1965-1966: http://history.nasa.gov/Apollo204/barron.html)

According to Esoturio it was a stepdaughter.
(Esoturio.de: www.esoturio.de/wahrheit/mondflug_mondbetrug.php)

And now the authorities of Florida are violating the law and bury the bodies without any autopsy.
(http://www.mrcranky.com/movies/apollo13/34.html)

Baron's big report of 500 pages about the sloppinesses at the NASA [and the NAA] have disappeared until now (2005) (Wisnewski, p.103).

[The death on the railway crossing can hardly be a murder, but it can be another threefold murder which should be covered-up by an official version with an accident at a railway crossing. An exhumation and an investigation of the bones of Baron and his family has not been performed until now. With this NASA stands under sixfold suspicion of murder...].

1968
Erik Bergaust: Book "Murder on Pad 34": The accident of Apollo 1 could be foreseen

Bergaust defines in his book "Murder on Pad 34" that it was clearly murder. According to Bergaust the desaster with Apollo could be more than only foreseen.

(In: Bergaust, Erik: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.85-86; Wisnewski, p.97)

Bergaust:

"Then reports about real negligence, mismanagement, sloppy tests and flagrant failures are right so three humans had  been needlessly sacrificed, perhaps murdered."

(In: Bergaust, Erik: Murder on Pad 34; N.Y. 1968, p.41; Wisnewski, p.101)

[But Bergaust forgets: There are probably three more people murdered: The Baron family with the safety commissioner Ronald Baron. And, why worker Holburg  or other technicians did not open the door of the capsule?].

1970
Sudden death of the widow of astronaut White
Three years after the death of astronaut White in Apollo 1 the widow is allegedly committing suicide though she never was a type for suicide. All are very surprised that she is said having committed suicide.
(http://www.mrcranky.com/movies/apollo13/34.html)

[There is no autopsy? By this NASA stands under sevenfold suspicion of murder].

1999
The suspicion of a murder attack against Grissom: Investigation of Scott Grissom - a switch
The son of astronaut Grissom, Scott Grissom Jr., has the heavy suspicion that the Apollo 1 fire was a murder attack against his father.

(In: Newsgroup sci. space. history, 28.8.2001; Wisnewski, p.98)






  
Apollo 1: A
                      metal peace fits precisely under the main switch
                      and can provoke a short-circuit.   
Apollo 1: A metal peace fits precisely under the main switch and can provoke a short-circuit.

Scott Grissom wanted to put the Apollo 1 capsule to a museum, and investigating the capsule he detected at the Langley Research Center of the NASA at Hampton (Virginia) he detects that a switch was dismantled (Wisnewski, p.104). It's not just a switch, but the main switch to change the current supply on the batteries on board (Wisnewski, p.109). Where the switch should be Grissom jr. finds only numbered cables. He asks why the "fact-finding commission" of the NASA left the cables behind in this way.

(In: PM 12/01, p.85ff. [?]; Wisnewski, p.104)

There is a new suspicion against the NASA, because in the little bag where the switch is treasured there is also a peace of metal which fits perfectly under the switch witch would cause a short-circuit (Wisnewski, p.105,107). According to Scott Grissom jr. probably this metal peace has caused a short-circuit and was an important factor to cause the fire on board (Wisnewski, p.107-108).

16 Feb 1999
Star Magazine: Apollo 1 cause shall be kept unknown
The Star Magazine claims that Scott Grissom would speak nonsense: "We have never determined what caused the fire." (Wisnewski, S.107)

[It seems the censorship of the "USA" is not willing to give way to the truth about the dangers in an oxygen atmosphere and that the switch board was causing many sparks].

2000
New "investigation" of NASA because of the metal peace of Apollo 1
On initiative of Congress deputy James Sensenbrenner a new fact-finding commission of the military NASA is investigating the old capsule a second time (Wisnewski, p.107).

The fact-finding commission finds - like Scott Grissom before - the metal peace at the main switch though it should not be there. The commission determines that the metal peace was sawn out from a beam of the main switch board. But now NASA is not speaking about the possible short-circuit but is inventing another reason why the metal peace had been sawn out: The metal peace was sawn out from the beam to make a microscopical investigation for "rust traces". But also this version of military NASA is only a presumption.

(In: Final Report: Inspection of Apollo 1/204 Hardware, September 2000; Wisnewski, p.108)

And why the metal peace was stored with the switch and why the metal peace fits under the switch precisely remains uncleared... (Wisnewski, p.108,109)

[At the end the metal peace is not essential because there were so many sparks cause of the switch board of Apollo 1 that also without the metal peace the oxygen atmosphere can be set on fire by a switch of Apollo 1. Has a fact-finding commission performed this experiment? Of course not...]

Scott Grissom presumes the Soviets had "set" the metal peace

Scott Grissom Jr. means the metal peace would be a main factor for the fire and the Soviets had set the short-circuit to weaken the "American" "space flight program". And when this would have been reported the Third World War would have broken out and by this the incident had not been reported...

(In: newsgroup-conversation of Scott Grissom, sci.space.history, 28 Aug 2001, 1:40 o'clock; Wisnewski, p.107)

Other presumptions say that the military NASA wanted to correct their structures by  provoking a fire to murder Grissom who spoke too much (Wisnewski, p.107). And the alleged culprits are never presented (Wisnewski, p.109).

[At the end we have a criminal NASA under sevenfold suspicion of murder, whereof three murders are sure, and no action is taken to shut this criminal organization named NASA].

New Apollo 1 questions

There are new questions, above all

-- why astronaut Grissom did not quit and left the Apollo project when he named Apollo a "bucket full of screws"?

-- why military NASA has not realized the four accidents with pure oxygen atmosphere and taken measures to resign on such experiments for the future?

-- why commandant Grissom has accepted the experiment in a pure oxygen atmosphere though he surely knew of the many accidents before?

-- why military NASA has not performed more "Gemini" flights when Apollo obviously worse than Gemini?

[Answer: Perhaps also Gemini never was in orbit].

-- why the ground test was not stopped when the astronauts reported smoke in the cockpit?

-- why the ground test was not stopped when there was obviously an indication of a short-circuit in the control center?

-- when will be exhumed the bones from Thomas Ronald Baron and his wife and his stepdaughter? There is threefold suspicion of murder

-- when will be exhumed the bones of the widow of astronaut White? There is suspicion of murder.

-- when is there a fact-finding commission making an experiment with the switch board of Apollo 1 in a pure oxygen atmosphere to find the cause of the fire?

The metal peace is interesting, but not essential.

So why is there no neutral investigation in the "USA" against NASA in the case of the 3 murdered Apollo 1 astronauts and in the case of the Baron family with three other suspicions of murder and the widow of astronaut White as suspicion of murder?

And why the criminal organization NASA with it's lies and it's murders is not shut?

Michael Palomino (2006 / 2010)

previous chapterprevious     nextnext chapter




Picture sources

-- Grissom portrait: http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gus_Grissom

-- map of Texas with San Antonio: http://www.birding.com/wheretobird/Texas.asp;
http://www.birding.com/images/ustx-d.gif

-- map of Pennsylvania with Philadelphia: http://www.nksd.net/schools/wms/projects/DuckCove/where.htm

-- map of Torrence in California: http://www.city-data.com/city/Torrance-California.html

-- Grissom, White and Chaffee 1967, foto no.: 67PC-0016:
http://www.shop.com/op/aprod-v228643-~Grissom+White?search_form=1

-- Grissom inspecting a periscope, foto no.: 61-MR3-85: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/BROWSE/ALLGRIN_86.html; http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/SMALL/GPN-2000-001837.jpg

-- Lemon 2CV Citroën: http://www.2cv-liebhaber.de/charleston02.htm

-- Cape Canaveral, launch complexes: http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/101space/101locate2.htm

-- Robert Gilruth, portrait: http://newton.nap.edu/html/biomems/rgilruth.html

-- pulmonary edema, X-ray foto:
http://www.prometheus.uni-tuebingen.de/player/dokument.jsp?_document=28&path=37tutorial_thorax26.html&ref=http%3A//images.
google.ch/imgres%3Fimgurl%3Dhttp%3A//www.prometheus.uni-tuebingen.de/sec/vl/documents/28/bilder/bild38.jpg%26imgrefurl%3
Dhttp%3A//www.prometheus.uni-tuebingen.de/sec/vl/documents/28/37tutorial_thorax26.html%26h%3D272%26w%3D350%26sz%3D7
%26tbnid%3DRmcO_tZOlgkL3M%3A%26tbnh%3D93%26tbnw%3D120%26hl%3Dde%26prev%3D/images%253Fq%253DLungen%25
25C3%2525B6dem%2526svnum%253D30%2526hl%253Dde%2526lr%253Dlang_en%2526safe%253Doff%2526sa%253DG%26frame%3Dsmall;
http://www.prometheus.uni-tuebingen.de/sec/vl/documents/28/bilder/bild38.jpg

-- burnt landing capsule, exterior view: http://ganymede.nmsu.edu/tharriso/ast308.html;
http://ganymede.nmsu.edu/tharriso/ap1burned.jpg

-- burnt landing capsule, interior view, foto no.S-67-21294: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/BROWSE/ALLGRIN_86.html,
http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/SMALL/GPN-2000-001834.jpg

-- gravestone from Virgil Grissom at Arlington:
http://www.thecemeteryproject.com/images/Famous%20Dead%20People/Grissom,%20Virgil%20-%20Arlington%20VA%202.JPG
http://www.thecemeteryproject.com/Graves%202/grissom-virgil.htm

-- gravestone from Roger Bruce Chaffee: http://www.thecemeteryproject.com/Graves%202/chaffee-roger.htm

-- head of the Apollo 1 NASA fact-finding commission, Frank Bormann, foto no. S64-31456:
http://instantlearning.net/space/sehhtml/borman.htm; http://instantlearning.net/space/sehhtml/borman.jpg

-- Washington Post, logo: http://www.silverthorn.com/ArcadeAccess/Washington%20Post%20Article.htm

-- Olin Teague, profile:
http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/alsj/a15/ap15-S71-42185.jpg
http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/alsj/a15/images15.html

-- NASA administration before senate: foto no.: 67-H-776: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/BROWSE/ALLGRIN_107.html; http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/SMALL/GPN-2002-000084.jpg

-- metal peace with the casing of the main switch of Apollo 1: http://www.apollo1.info/

^